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  • Writer's pictureAllison McCue-Napoli

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Trauma Informed Care

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that can occur in individuals who have experienced or witnessed a traumatic event. It is characterized by intrusive thoughts, flashbacks, nightmares, and emotional numbness, which can significantly impact a person's daily life. Trauma Informed Care is a framework that recognizes the pervasive impact of trauma and provides support and treatment to those who are affected by it.

What is PTSD? PTSD is a debilitating condition that can occur after exposure to a traumatic event, such as war, a natural disaster, or physical or sexual abuse. It affects individuals of all ages and backgrounds, and its impact on a person's well-being can be profound. The effects of PTSD can include:

1. Intrusive Memories: Recurrent flashbacks or nightmares about the traumatic experience.

2. Avoidance: Efforts to avoid reminders of the trauma, such as places, people, or situations associated with the event.

3. Negative Thoughts and Feelings: Increased levels of anxiety, fear, guilt, or shame.

4. Arousal and Hyperarousal: Difficulties sleeping, irritability, and exaggerated startle responses.

5. Social and Relationship Problems: Difficulty maintaining healthy relationships or feeling distant from others.

The Trauma Informed Care Approach Trauma Informed Care is based on the belief that everyone has experienced some level of trauma in their lives, and that understanding the impact of trauma is essential for effective care and support. It involves recognizing that trauma can impact a person's behavior, thoughts, and emotions, and that it is essential to approach each individual with compassion and understanding. Trauma Informed Care principles include:

1. Safety and Stabilization: Ensuring a safe and secure environment for individuals, promoting physical, emotional, and psychological well-being.

2. Trustworthiness and Transparency: Building trust through transparency, honesty, and open communication.

3. Choice and Empowerment: Respecting individuals' autonomy and providing choices in decision-making processes.

4. Collaboration and Peer Support: Engaging in collaborative partnerships and incorporating peer support groups into treatment.

5. Cultural Humility: Recognizing and respecting individuals' cultural backgrounds and beliefs.

The Benefits of Trauma Informed Care Trauma Informed Care offers numerous benefits to individuals affected by trauma, including:

- Improved Mental Health: By addressing the impact of trauma, individuals may experience reduced symptoms of PTSD and other mental health disorders.

- Enhanced Well-being: Trauma Informed Care promotes resilience, improved self-esteem, and overall quality of life.

- Improved Treatment Outcomes: By understanding the unique needs and experiences of trauma survivors, healthcare professionals can provide more effective treatment.

- Preventing Future Trauma: By creating a trauma-informed environment, individuals and organizations can reduce the risk of retraumatization and promote healing.


Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Trauma Informed Care are interconnected, with each influencing the other. Understanding the impact of trauma on individuals' lives is essential for providing effective care and support. By embracing the principles of Trauma Informed Care, we can create a safer and more compassionate society for individuals who have experienced trauma, empowering them to overcome their challenges and lead fulfilling lives.

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